Guidelines for Full Paper Submissions

Article structure


Word count, Font, Text Spacing

Submissions will normally be between 5,000-8,000 words, Calibri font size 12, single text spacing.


Subdivision - numbered sections

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.



If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.


Essential title page information

Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.  


Author names and affiliations

  • Within the article: Please provide full names and affiliations for all authors. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address.
  • Corresponding author:Using an asterisk (*) clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication and post-publication. Please provide the following information for the corresponding author (compulsory information given in bold):* Title, address. Tel./fax: Email address: [and additional authors’ email addresses, optional].
  • Contact details: must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.


Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article, directly before the references. Do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title, or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.), as well as any grant information.


Author Bio
You may provide a short author bio for each author (this is not compulsory). This should be no more than 150 words per author, and should be placed at the very end of the article, after the references. Content could include, for example: research interests, current roles, publications.


A concise and factual abstract is required between 300 - 500 words. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.


Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 10 keywords, using English (U.K) spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.


Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in brackets following the first use of the term. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.


Footnotes and References     
Footnotes should be used appropriately. Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers. An authoritative and comprehensive guide to referencing is provided in the 
Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities ('OSCOLA') published by the Faculty of Law, University of Oxford. The Harvard Citation system may also be used. You should use Ibid. and Op.cit. where appropriate. If a reference has more than 6 authors, list the first 6 authors followed by 'et al.' If there are 6 authors or fewer, all author names should be listed.


Citation in text          
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).


Web references         
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and, where this is considered significant, the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.


Ensure that the following items are present:

One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:

  • E-mail address
  • Full postal address
  • Telephone

All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:

  • Keywords
  • All figure captions
  • All tables (including title, description, footnotes)

Further considerations

  • Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked'
  • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
  • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
  • Colour figures are clearly marked as being intended to be reproduced in color on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in print

·         If only colour on the Web is required, black-and-white versions of the figures are also supplied for printing purposes